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STRANGE ARTILLERY SHELL SHAPED MUD BUILDINGS IN CAMEROON -

The musgum, an ethnic group in far north province in cameroon, created their homes from compressed
sun-dried mud. the tall conical dwellings, in the shape of a shell (artillery), featured geometric raised patterns.

What strikes at first sight is their almost organic simplicity, a second reading reveals the functions behind the forms.

The walls of the houses are thicker at the base than at the summit, which increases the stability of the building.

A characteristic settlement form is the compound, a cluster of units linked by walls

The domed huts of the musgum people are built in shaped mud, a variant of cob.
cob building is the most widely used technique in the world, since no tools are needed
- hands, earth and water are enough.


the name of these houses ('cases obos') comes from their similarity with the profile of shells.
it is very close to the catenary arch, the ideal mathematical form to bear a maximum weight
with minimal material. this profile also reduces the pressure effect of the impact of water drops
on the walls. furthermore, the extraordinary height (up to 9 meters) of these houses provides
a comfort climate during hot days. the top of the house is pierced with a circular opening,
allowing the air to circulate, resulting in the sensation of freshness.

Today, these buildings have become somewhat obsolete, with only a few groups still practicing
this 'cases obos' type of construction.
 

STRANGE ARTILLERY SHELL SHAPED MUD BUILDINGS IN CAMEROON -






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