Strange "Last" Rulers & Families
AUSTRIA / HUNGARY
Charles I, last emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, abdicated Nov. 11-13, 1918. He had ruled from 1916 to 1918. He died in 1922.
The last coronation of a Hungarian King took place on December 30th 1916 in the church of the Blessed Virgin in Buda Castle.
The last Aztec emperor was Montezuma II, who reigned from 1502 to 1520. He allowed Hernando Cortes to enter the capital of Tenochtitlan without a battle and was taken prisoner. He died under mysterious circumstances.
The last descendant of the prolific musical Bach family died on Christmas Day, 1845.
The last member of the famous Bonaparte family, Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, died in 1945, of injuries sustained from tripping over his dog's leash.
BRITISH VICEROY OF INDIA
India's last British viceroy, or governor-general, was Lord Louis Mountbatten, from August 1947 to June 1948.
Henry Pu-yi, from 1908 to 1912, was the last emperor of China. This ended the reign of the last imperial dynasty to rule China, the Ch'Ing.
Cleopatra was the last of the Ptolemies to rule Egypt. When she committed suicide in 30 B.C., Rome annexed Egypt as a province.
On July 23, 1952, the military overthrew the government of King Farouk. Although he never reigned, his 17-year-old son succeeded him and became the last king of Egypt.
Louis Philippe, in 1848, was the last king of France.
Wilhelm II was the last Kaiser. He was forced to abdicate in 1918.
Queen Liliuokalani, the last royal ruler of Hawaii, was deposed in 1893.
In 1533, the last Incan King of Peru, Atahualpa, was murdered on orders from Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro.
Reza Pahlevi, the last Shah Mohammed of Iran, fled Iran to Egypt in 1979. Iran was declared an Islamic Republic after more than 2,500 years as an independent monarchy.
Victor Emmanuel III was the last royal king of Italy. He reigned 1900 to 1946.
LAST BRITISH MONARCH WHO ABDICATED
On December 11, 1937, Edward VIII of England abdicated, ending a reign of 325 days. He married Wallis Warfield Simpson on June 3, 1938.
LAST BRITISH MONARCH WHO COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH
George I, King of England from 1714 to 1727, was a German prince who succeeded to the throne at the age of 54. He could neither write nor speak the English language.
LINCOLN FAMILY (The family of US President Abraham Lincoln)
Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith died in 1985 and his death signaled the end of the Lincoln family lineage. Abraham Lincoln had one child, Robert Todd Lincoln, who had Mary, Abraham II and Jessie. Abraham II, the only son, died at the young age of 16. Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith was Jessie'sson by her first husband, Warren Beckwith.
Adrian II (867-872) was the last married Catholic pope. He was actually married before he became pope, but refused to adopt celibacy or give up his wife when he ascended the papal throne.
Gian Gastone de Medici, who died in 1737, was the last male member of de Medici family.
Nicole Dunsdon, the last Miss Canada, completed her reign in October 1992. In 1991 women's groups had successfully lobbied to have the Miss Canada contest canceled, claiming it was degrading to women.
Uncas, son of Chingachgook, was the last of the Mohicans in James Fenimore Cooper's novel published in 1826.
On December 30, 1947, King Michael, the last reigning monarch in Eastern Europe was forced from his throne by revolutionaries who established the People's Republic, with a constitution modeled after the Soviet Union's.
Nicholas II, shot to death with his family in 1918, was the last of the czars of Russia, and of the Romanov dynasty, which had ruled Russia for more than 300 years.
The last chairman of Russia's KGB was Vadim Viktorovich Bakatin in 1991.
Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland, ruled from 1764 to 1795.
During the reign of King Prajadhipok of the Chakri dynasty, a coup on June 24, 1932 put an end to Siam's absolute monarchy, establishing a constitutional monarchy dominated by the military.
The Communist Party's 75-year controlling regime of the Soviet Union ended on August 29, 1991.
VENICE / GENOA
The last Venetian doge, Lodovico Manin, retired 1797 and the last Genoese doge in 1804. The doges were the Chief Magistrates in the ancient constitutions of Venice and Genoa. The first doge of Venice was appointed 697 with absolute power (modified 1297), and from his accession dates Venice's prominence in history.