Top 10 Strangest Fruits
Lychees. Popular fruit of Southeast Asia. Litchi fruits are used as food in fresh, prepared from these various desserts (jelly, ice cream), make a traditional Chinese wine. Canned lychees with sugar without skin and seeds are exported to many countries, including us.
Tamarind. Fruit pulp is used as a spice in Asian and Latin American cuisines. It is also an important ingredient in the popular UK Worcester sauce and a fruit sauce HP. The pulp of green fruit is very sour taste and is used in cooking spicy dishes. Ripe fruit is sweeter and can be used for desserts, drinks, snacks.
Tamarind is the birthplace of eastern Africa, including dry deciduous forests of Madagascar. In the wild it grows in Sudan, but now the plant is spread in most tropical countries of Asia, where it fell through the cultivation of even several thousand years before Christ. In the XVI century, introduced into Mexico and South America.
Psidium (guava). Guava fruit is widely used in food (jelly, jams, juices) and manufacture of alcoholic beverages. Popular in North America, South America, Asia, and Oceania.
Homeland psidiuma - Western Hemisphere, from the tropical regions of Mexico to Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela.
Pitaya (dragon fruit). To prepare it for use pitaya generally vertically cut into two halves. Thereafter, these can either be cut into slices halves (just like cut melon) or bale pulp spoon. Although pitaya seeds rich in valuable lipids usually not digested, unless they are chewed. Peel inedible, moreover, it may contain pesticides.
Plants whose fruit is called Pitaya - curly lianoobraznye epiphytic cacti, common in Central and South America. Popular in the U.S., Israel, northern Australia. At present, these plants are also cultivated in several countries in South-East Asia - such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan.
Passion fruit (Passiflora, peshnfrut, passion fruit). Sweet-sour passion fruit juice having a high toning properties (usually mixed with orange juice is added to yogurt and the like) and used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Passion fruit plants are often grown for ornamental purposes.
Passion fruit is native to South America (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay). Now grows in Israel, the U.S., New Zealand, Macaronesia.
Jackfruit (fruit bread). This is the largest edible fruit that grow on trees: a length of 20-90 cm and a diameter of 20 cm, they weigh up to 34 kg. Jackfruit is widely used in cooking. Immature fruit cooked as vegetables - they are boiled, fried and stewed. Ripe fruits are eaten fresh, of them make salads and desserts. The fruit jackfruit are very nutritious and contain about 40% carbohydrate (starch) - more than bread. The seeds are also nutritious - they contain 38% carbohydrates, 6.6% protein and 0.4% fat, they are most often roasted and eaten as chestnuts. Jackfruit wood is not damaged by termites and fungi and is used for making buildings and furniture, musical instruments. Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh.
Jackfruit is considered the birthplace of India and Bangladesh. His landing there in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda), Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Philippines). On the islands of Oceania, and in the tropics of the New World, in addition to northern Brazil and Suriname, jackfruit is quite rare. In South India, it is comparable to the prevalence of mango and banana.
Acerola (Barbados cherry). The fruits are edible Barbados cherry in the fresh and dried form. They are often added to fruit salads. Among them are also made syrups, jams, jellies and other canned goods. These fruits are very rich in vitamin C: its content in the edible part of the fruit is from 1000 to 3300 mg per 100 g body weight, in 15-100 times more than oranges. In addition, acerola contains pro-vitamin A, B vitamins, iron, calcium, phosphorus. Has an antioxidant, toning and revitalizing action.
Homeland Barbados cherry - Lesser Antilles, including the island of Barbados. The plant is cultivated in Cuba, Jamaica, the Bahamas, Bermuda, the Philippines, Central America, United States, Australia, Ghana.
Sapodilla (Chiku, Achra). Ripe fruits are edible Sapodilla fresh. Their stewed with lime juice and ginger, put in cakes, fermented into wine. Sapodillovoe tree is also grown for latex - latex. From this is obtained a so-called chicle - the chewing gum base. Unripe fruits are rich in tannin and are used as a means to stop the diarrhea.
Homeland Sapodilla - southern Mexico. Currently cultivated throughout Central America, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Philippines.
Papaya. It is usually eaten raw, without skin and seeds. Unripe fruits are extinguished, and are also used in the preparation of curries and salads. In some countries, the fruit of the papaya is cooked in a fire, causing the fruit starts to come out from the smell of bread. Papaya contains many enzyme called papain (a protease softening meat) and other proteins. The property papaya juice destroy tough meat fibers used in South America for thousands of years.
Birthplace of papaya, as well as the Sapodilla is southern Mexico. She is now grown in all tropical countries.
Purple mombin (spondias, Mexican plum). The fruits mombina eaten raw and are used for canning. A decoction of the bark is used to treat diarrhea and flatulence.
Purple mombin found in the wild and in cultured throughout Central America. Currently also cultivated in Venezuela, Nigeria and the Philippines.